FOWLERS AND FISHERMEN OF NORTHERN EUROPE After the end of the last Ice Age the peoples of northern Europe had to adjust to living in forested lands where animals were harder to track. Many of them turned to the seas, rivers and lakes for food. These hunters, who lived in the northern plains of Europe 10,000 years ago, made dug-out canoes and jished with spears whose barbed prongs were carved from the antlers of the red deer. As well as catching hsh, they gathered shell-fish and speared or trapped water fowl; they also used domesticated dogs as retrievers. The forest trees were birch and pine, as the climate was still not warm enough for such deciduous trees as the oak. elm. ash and lime